Administrative controls use systems of work to reduce risk by providing a framework of expected behaviours. Examples are rotation of staff to reduce exposure to a hazard, or a documented safe system of work, such as lockout tagout. These types of controls rely on extensive instruction, information, training and supervision.
People providing cleaning services could: • work alone • access machinery and equipment from the rear or sides, or in unexpected ways • climb on machinery and equipment • enter confined spaces, or larger machinery and equipment • become trapped by the mechanism of the machinery and equipment through poor isolation of energy sources or stored energy, such as spring-loaded or counter-balance mechanisms, compressed air or fluids, or parts held in position by hydraulics or pneumatic (air) rams • work with chemicals • operate electrical equipment in wet areas.
Lower order machinery and equipment risk controls, such as personal protective equipment (PPE), can prevent injuries, but are generally not as effective as higher order controls, as they rely more on worker behaviour, maintenance programs and supervision.
Many different types of machinery and equipment use high integrity safety systems that disable a mechanism at the time of access. Some examples include: • brake press • power press • robotic machine (automated machines) • injection moulders • powered guillotines • programmable lathe and milling equipment • industrial mixers • mincing equipment • plasma cutting tables • laser cutting tables.
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